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Judge Kolar: Trial Procedures

Trial dates are firm and motions to reset trial dates are discouraged. If it is necessary to file such a motion, it should be made at the earliest possible date and counsel should notify chambers of the motion as soon as possible.

Sidebars during trial are strongly discouraged. Matters in dispute should be taken up with the Court on a break so that time is not taken away from the jury. Counsel are free to request time in the morning prior to the arrival of jurors, or in the evening after jurors have left, to address evidentiary or other issues.

Counsel should not ask the court reporter to read back a question or answer.

Counsel do not need to ask permission to approach the witness.

Judge Kolar’s courtroom is fully equipped with state-of-the-art technology. To make the trial run more efficiently and to enhance the presentation of the case to the jury, use of the courtroom technology is strongly encouraged. For example, it is unnecessary to approach a witness to show him a document. The courtroom’s electronic document camera system should be used instead. Training for use of the technology (to occur in advance of the date of the trial or hearing) is available by contacting Teresa Castillo, Judge Kolar’s Courtroom Deputy, at (219) 852-6707.

All exhibits are to be marked before trial and copies are to be furnished to opposing counsel and the Court with an exhibit list. The plaintiff should use numbers and the defendant should use letters in the marking of exhibits.

Counsel are to confer before trial for the purpose of designating agreed jury instructions. The onus is on the plaintiff to file those instructions that the parties have agreed to. Each party will then separately file those instructions that the other side would not agree to. In addition, parties filing proposed jury instructions should email a Word Perfect or Microsoft Word version of those instructions to

If a civil case has been settled, the Courtroom Deputy must be notified promptly. Jury costs will be assessed for failure to inform the Courtroom Deputy of a settlement until the day of trial.